English Grammar - A University Course for students


1Basic concepts
Module 1     Language and meaning 3
Module 2     Linguistic forms and syntactic functions 9
Module 3     Negation and expansion 21
2The skeleton of the message: Introduction to clause structure
Module 4     Syntactic functions and structures of the clause 34
Module 5     Subject and Predicator 42
Module 6     Direct, Indirect and Prepositional Objects 50
Module 7     Subject and Object Complements 64
Module 8     Adjuncts 69
Further reading
3The development of the message: Complementation of the verb
Introduction: Major complementation patterns and valency 83
Module 9     Intransitive and copular patterns 85
Module10    Transitive patterns 90
Module 11   Complementation by ￿nite clauses 100
Module 12   Complementation by non-￿nite clauses 108
Summary of complementation patterns
Further reading

 4Conceptualising patterns of experience: Processes, participants, circumstances
Module 13   Conceptualising experiences expressed as situation types 122
Module 14   Material processes of doing and happening 128
Module 15   Causative processes 132
Module 16   Processes of transfer 137
Module 17   Conceptualising what we think, perceive and feel 139
Module 18   Relational processes of being and becoming 144
Module 19   Processes of saying, behaving and existing 151
Module 20   Expressing attendant circumstances 155
Module 21   Conceptualising experiences from a different angle:
Nominalisation and grammatical metaphor 160
Further reading
5Interaction between speaker and hearer: Linking speech acts and grammar
Module 22   Speech acts and clause types 176
Module 23   The declarative and interrogative clause types 180
Module 24   The exclamative and imperative clause types 190
Module 25   Indirect speech acts, clause types and discourse functions 197
Module 26   Questions, clause types and discourse functions 201
Module 27   Directives: getting people to carry out actions 205
Further reading
6Organising the message: Thematic and information structures of the clause
Module 28   Theme: the point of departure of the message 222
Module 29   The distribution and focus of information 238
Module 30   The interplay of Theme￿Rheme and Given￿New 246
Further reading
7Expanding the message: Clause combinations
Module 31   Clause combining 272
Module 32   Types of relationship between clauses 277
Module 33   Elaborating the message 281
Module 34   Extending the message 285
Module 35   Enhancing the message 290
Module 36   Reporting speech and thought
Further reading

 8Talking about events: The Verbal Group
Module 37   Expressing our experience of events
Module 38   Basic structures of the Verbal Group
Module 39   Organising our experience of events
Module 40   The semantics of phrasal verbs
Further reading
9Viewpoints on events: Tense, aspect and modality
Module 41   Expressing location in time through the verb: tense
Module 42   Past events and present time connected: Present Perfect and Past Perfect
Module 43   Situation types and the Progressive aspect
Module 44   Expressing attitudes towards the event: modality
Further reading
10Talking about people and things: The Nominal Group399
Module 45   Expressing our experience of people and things 401
Module 46   Referring to people and things as denite, indenite, generic
Module 47   Selecting and particularising the referent: the determiner
Module 48   Describing and classifying the referent: the pre-modier
Module 49   Identifying and elaborating the referent: the post-modier
Module 50   Noun complement clauses
Further reading
11Describing persons, things and circumstances: Adjectival and Adverbial groups
Module 51   Adjectives and the adjectival group
Module 52   Degrees of comparison and intensi￿cation
Module 53   Complementation of the adjective
Module 54   Adverbs and the adverbial group
Module 55   Syntactic functions of adverbs and adverbial groups
Module 56   Modi￿cation and complementation in the adverbial group
Further reading
12Spatial, temporal and other relationships: The Prepositional Phrase
Module 57   Prepositions and the Prepositional Phrase
Module 58   Syntactic functions of the Prepositional Phrase

Module 59   Semantic features of the Prepositional Phrase